Prefabricated buildings – is framed or frameless building design features which make it possible to build them, regardless of climatic conditions. Most pre-fabricated buildings constructed with the use of metal frame, the walls are made either by permanent form, or assemble a sandwich panel, often also use the technology of sheet assembly. Prefabricated modular buildings very quickly conquered the market, many reasons for this, and one of the biggest – is the absence of TN. "Wet" processes. Construction of prefabricated buildings is at any time of year: the walls and roof are assembled by welding or bolting compounds.
This greatly reduces the time of erection of a building, reduces the load on the metal frame and the foundation, reduces the cost of construction. Prefabricated buildings on the bolted joints can make out, if necessary and move to another place, and one-story small area of the building technology can be installed on site without a foundation. Prefabricated buildings are divided into two main types: buildings based on steel and light frame construction (BVZ based MC and LMC). Prefabricated modular and prefabricated buildings prefabricated buildings prefabricated assembled at the construction site, and the technology provides for domestic and exterior finish that makes it possible to implement any architectural decisions. Basically with this technology erect warehouses, hangars, industrial buildings, shopping centers and halls, sports complexes and even homes. Modular prefabricated buildings are assembled from ready-made standard modules.
The standard module has a size of 6×2, 5 meters and a height of 2 to 2.5 meters. Most of the modules of erecting 1 – and 2-storey building. This kind of structures do not differ in its original architecture, as they are intended to solve practical problems. Thus, the modules built by a small mobile offices, administration buildings, shift camps (where includes dormitories, dining rooms, bath and laundry facilities, clinics, shops) Market-fabricated buildings. History Efficiency Construction of prefabricated buildings on the basis of metal structures made it possible spread this technology around the world.