To raise problematic in relation of the term death, formulated for the New a History, that tends the ambition of the diversity of objects the alteridade cultural.REFERENCIAL THEORETICIAN The research work that if it initiates, will be based on some authors who already had searched the subject, being necessary to search next to these the main produced theories. For the accomplishment of the present research, one becomes necessary to appeal the references, of New History, Cultural History, History of the Ideas and the History of the Fear in the Ocidente; considering the idea of authors as, Phillippe Aries, Saint Augustin, Jean Delumeau among others, where in accordance with these same the age, is necessary to take in consideration the diverse manifestations of the past, with intention to find the explicativas basic. These consider the fear of the death, as the indissolvable object union and actions that indicate in them, as and where and so that it was basic the fear. Author Phillippe Aries, who studies the question of the fear in the Ocidente, shows the debates around the characteristics, sufficiently controverted. Already author Jean Delumeau, who not only has in the history of the fear a change instrument, as well as one, half to disclose to new fields of inquiry, knocking down barriers that exist between the Occidental generations.
Saint Augustin brings in its workmanship all historicidade of the transformations in the concepts and ideals catholics concerning the subject. It is excellent to stand out the importance of if searching these authors, therefore the workmanships in analysis are part of micron-history, having as objective to study the relations, of the fear of the death, with the imaginary Christian and the paper of one ' ' society medrosa' '. These workmanships make possible the accomplishment of the study of the fear of the death in the collective space of the Ocidente.TIPOLOGIA OF SOURCES To carry through the research it was used, secondary or tertiary historiogrficas sources.